Peace, Security and Sustainable Development

CT2014-2-640x400In focusing on this thematic area JASCNet purposes to undertake research, analyses and advocacy around issues of sustainable development and peace, democratic participation, civilian protection,support for security programs, preventative peace building and support for peaceful processes. It is
established that conflict is a poverty driver and poverty itself is a threat to peace. There is a growing international consensus that governance and peace and security are important for development andvice versa. There is indeed much evidence to support this claim. Conflicts in places like Congo DR,Mali, Syria, Libya and the Central African Republic have significantly reversed development gains and threaten to undermine long-term development planning and policy implementation. Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 16 is therefore an important guide for achieving the post-2015 development agenda.


Civil war and violent conflict are the reality for millions across Africa: the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Central African Republic, Egypt, Libya, North-eastern Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia,Sudan are some of these countries. The Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project (ACLED)
stated that in 2014 alone, 9 African countries had the highest fatality levels stemming from violet conflict: Nigeria, South Sudan, the Central African Republic, Egypt, Cameroon, Somalia, Libya, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Sudan accounted for 92% of the total fatalities from violentconflict around the world.5 Steps must be taken, without tiring, to continue to promote peace in affected countries but also to engage in programmes that proactively build peace into the structures of society and shape individuals into agents of peace. In addition JASCNet is also conscious of the negatives effects of conflict and war, misrule, poverty and of the failure of development, which include forced displacement of populations who end up as refugees, asylum seekers or even economic migrants. Globally, coordinated efforts are therefore necessary to ensure the humane and dignified treatment of people forced to leave their countries as
a result of conflict.Against this background, during 2019-2023 JASCNet will have peace and security as one of its areas of focus. JASCNet strategically chooses to leverage the competence and experience of an African

Responsible Business and Corporate Accountability


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JASCNet will do research and advocacy and will also use other forms of engagement to promote the role of business in economic and social development. Business has a role in economic and social develo

pment if it is done responsibly and in ways that not merely focused on profit maximisation but on value creation. Sustainable business is not only about running companies with an eye to the future 

but also minimising the company's negative impact on society, complying with international ethical practices and contributing to positive social change. Therefore, under this strategic thrust, JASCNet will also challenge unwholesome business practices that inhibit sustainable development and propose mutually beneficial alternatives that make both business and society win.


JASCNet believes that the impacts of the activities of multinational corporations and business in general should be at the heart of development discussions. Corporations must act responsibly in society and ensure that they contribute to sustainable development. Using a human rights framework, JASCNet will advocate for responsible business focusing on corporate accountability, business and human rights, extractive industries and conflict minerals. We believe that companies play a crucial role in establishing a sustainable society with respect for sustainable development, human rights and reduced poverty. With power comes responsibility. Weassume large multinational corporations have the potential to trigger changes in society. They have a lot to gain as well as a lot to lose. For sustainable and equitable development and a just world without poverty, companies must perform in a sustainable way and interact with stakeholders, as well as rights holders, (potentially) affected by their operations.



In the whole scheme of things, JASCNet recognises the different and complementary roles that must be played in order in the promotion of responsible business and corporate accountability:
• Government: legislation, norms, control, level playing field, implementation of internationally agreed frameworks
• Civil society: watchdog (critical friend of the government and private sector), organisation and empowerment of stakeholders and rights holders, agenda setting, lobbying and
advocacy, investigation, research, campaigns
• Private sector: with power comes: responsibility - to know, to respect, to inform (transparency), to remedy - and responsiveness - to listen (meaningful stakeholder processes,
grievance) and to act (stop, adjust, improve)


In the light of the foregoing analysis JASCNet will take both a mainstream approach and the approach of formation of business leaders in helping them in personal development and their appreciation of business as a vocation. In pursuing the latter approach JASCNet will leverage the richness of Jesuit Spirituality, which is universal and human enough to help both faith-inspired
business leaders and agnostic ones.


Corporate Accountability – Mainstream Approach
We shall use corporate accountability and its crucial elements of responsibility and responsiveness, transparency and meaningful stakeholder processes, with grievance and compliance mechanisms as
entry points for all JASCNet's private sector work with large enterprises. At the same time JASCNet will develop a number of programmes that focus specifically on corporate accountability. JASCNet
will focus on: a) the input or policy side of global and (inter)national rules, regulations and policies; as well as b) the output or practice side of implementation and monitoring thereof ('know and
show'), reporting, thought leadership, stakeholder involvement and raising awareness of the role of private sector in development, among civil society as well as private sector actors.
In this regard, JASCNet will seek to achieve the following objectives between 2019 and 2023:
• Influence the global agenda in this field towards recognising the need for greater social
justice as far as business is concerned
• Develop one or two corporate accountability and watchdog programmes, including
monitoring of private sector practices and their impact on local communities.
• Build strategic alliances with key players, and develop a profile as an actor alongside the UN,
governments and private sector actors
• Achieve a clear positioning of JASCNet as an important player in corporate accountability -
globally as well as in a number of selected countries.
• Develop enough experience, evidence and insights to have a coherent view and strategy
JASCNet can refer to in its dealings with companies and other organisations.
• Document key learnings and evaluated the theory of change
In order to achieve these objectives, during 2019 to 2023 JASCNet will do the following:




In this context, the Justice and Ecology Office (JEO) of the Jesuit Conference of Africa and Madagascar in collaboration with AEGIS Trust of UK and Rwanda has mooted the project – a learning partnership between the Society of Jesus (the Jesuits) and AEGIS Trust within the frame of the Aegis Trust Learning Programme that has developed manuals for embedding peace in curricula.


The aim of this project is to introduce a strategic proposal for mainstreaming peace education, and in this way contribute to the furtherance of peace education in Jesuit Schools across Africa.

Learning partnerships exist within the framework of the Aegis Learning Programme that have successfully been implemented in Rwanda. With an exchange of experiences, practices and methods, this learning partnership we are developing will aim to increase awareness of the variety of Aegis Trust activities existing within the cultural, social and economic sphere. They help to identify areas of common concern and the shared development of methods and approaches to primary and secondary school learning on local, national and Africa levels. The main activity in learning partnerships will be learning mobilities, short-term activities during the four-day Workshop allowing for an exchange of expertise and practices between educators, staff members of Aegis Trust and the Jesuit Justice and Ecology and Education Networks in Africa.

Specifically, this Learning Partnership aims to:


Explore approaches and methodologies in primary and high school education;
Intensify networking and African cooperation and improve educational capacities of Jesuit schools in Africa in the context of learning for peace.
Develop a manual that proposes a coherent understanding of peace education and outlines a strategy for mainstreaming peace education within the Jesuit educational sector
To reach these objectives, the Learning Partnership Workshop and process will involve Jesuit academics and educators and staff members of the Aegis Trust from Rwanda and the United Kingdom.


The workshop and entire process of the Learning Partnership will include working meetings and study visits. The study visits will explore aspects of peace education such as youth empowerment, gender equality, human rights and human security, advocacy and networking, arts and creativity, mediation, and a training course on social entrepreneurship.




The Learning Partnership workshop will develop methodologies, approaches, practices and visions on peace education for Jesuit practitioners of high school education. It will do so by presenting a concept of peace education, setting out a strategic approach to mainstreaming peace education and by giving examples of projects and initiatives that have applied peace education practices in Rwanda and different parts of Africa and the even European countries after the World War II.

In this way the workshop will develop a manual to be used in Jesuit schools whose aim will be to provide a framework for peace education in high school learning. This framework is understood as a conceptual proposal to be explored by peace educators and Jesuit school educators engaged in mainstreaming peace education in Africa.

The developed manual will develop the following themes:

What does Learning entail?
Peace and Peace Education
Mainstreaming Peace Education in Practice
Examples of Peace Education Initiatives



Participants will include Jesuit education network representatives from the Jesuit Provinces and Regions in Sub Saharan Africa, public organizations, relevant policy makers, academia from the Jesuit Hekima Peace Institute and representatives from the Jesuit Social Sector.


The Workshop will be held at the Jesuit Centre Christus in Kigali Rwanda on 11th to 16th September 2018


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